How to Make
Paperclay Jack-O-Lanterns

You will need:

Creative Paperclay
1 piece of plastic wrap, approx. 6" X 6"
craft knife
masking tape
thread
scissors
sand (or baking soda)
sculpting tools
water for smoothing paperclay
paints

* optional but not necessary: tweezers, needle files, 600 grit sandpaper

-------------
 - Cut masking tape in to strips approx. 5" long by 1/8" to 1/4" wide
 - Apply strips of tape to plastic wrap, in diagonal criss-cross pattern as shown.

- turn plastic wrap over so side with tape is facing down.
- pour about a tablespoon of sand in center, more or less depending on the size
of jack-o-lantern you are making.  Remember though, that this is going to be the INSIDE
dimension, so don't use too much sand.
- Pull plastic wrap up around sand and tie top securely with thread.

At this point you will have a little floppy baggy of sand.  Trim excess plastic wrap from top.
In the next step, you want to firm up the bag and form the shape of jack-o-lantern
you want.  Do this by wrapping additional strips of masking tape around the bag.  If you
want a short, fat jack-o-lantern, wrap from top to bottom of bag first.  If you want
a taller jack-o-lantern, start wrapping sand bag in center, and shape with additional
strips of masking tape around the bag as shown.

You should end up with a firm bag, in the shape you desire.

- Roll or press out a circle of paperclay big enough to cover bag, and about
1/16" thick.  Place bag in center of circle and begin pulling clay up over bag,
pinching off excess as you go.

Cover bag and smooth clay by dipping your fingers in water and rubbing over clay.

Here is the bag covered with clay and smoothed out.
Don't forget to leave a little stem!

Sculpt sections and stem into clay.

When you are finished sculpting the pumpkin, cut top and face design
into pumpkin.  Use an up-and-down motion with the knife, and cut
to, but not through the masking tape.
Do not remove the sections you are cutting, leave them in place.


Now comes the most difficult part -
Set the jack-o-lantern aside to dry.  Wait.  Patiently.
It will take about a day to dry, depending on your climate.
You can console yourself while waiting by making more jack-o-lanterns!

(Sorry I don't have photos for the next part....It was user-error with my new digital camera)

- When clay is dry, cut around top again.  Use an up-and-down sawing motion with the knife,
this time cutting all the way through the masking tape and into the sand.
-  Carefully remove top and pour sand out of bag.
- Remove plastic wrap from inside of jack-o-lantern (tweezers are useful for this).
- Re-cut lines in jack-o-lantern face design if necessary and remove pieces.
- File edges of cuts if desired, and, if desired, lightly sand jack-o-lantern with 600 grit sandpaper.

Paint with acrylic paints.

You're done!  Here is the finished jack-o-lantern.


Painting Pointers for Producing Practically Perfect Paperclay Pumpkins!


First a simplified lesson about colors...




This is a "color wheel".  It is divided into groups of 3 colors.

The first, or "Primary" colors are red, yellow, and blue.  With these primary
colors you can mix all other colors!

Next are the "Secondary" colors
orange, green, and purple
which are the colors you get if you mix equal amounts of the primary colors.
 
The "Complimentary" colors are those directly opposite each other on the
color wheel;  red/green, yellow/purple, and blue/orange.

Why is this important?

I don't want to get into extensive color theory here, but basically the answer
is that if you are trying to get a more natural look to your paints for things like
apples, leaves, (pumpkins) you will get better results if you add a small amount
of the base color's complimentary color into the mixture.

(All of this to explain why I have phthalo blue on my palette and use it for
painting pumpkins.....)

Ok, so let's get to the painting!
---------------------------------------
Colors on my palette:
(Delta Ceramcoat Acrylic Paints)

Bright Red
Opaque Yellow
Golden Brown
White
Phthalo Blue
Burnt Umber
Dark Forest Green



Start by mixing a base color for the pumpkin with 1 part red to
2 parts yellow (9 drops red and 18 drops yellow is a good amount
to start with) then add a TINY amount of phthalo blue.
(mix red and yellow and just barely dip one edge
of paintbrush into the phthalo blue, then mix into orange).
Phthalo blue is a very strong color, so a small amount will do.
If you get too much blue in the mixture you will end up with brown
instead of pumpkin orange - just add some more yellow and red
to the paint mixture to fix this problem.


This is a photo of the difference between pure orange (on the left),
 and orange with blue mixed in (on the right).
  I had a hard time trying to get the colors to show
up accurately on the digital photo, but trust me, the color on the right is
a much more natural pumpkin color.  You'll just have to try it to see
how much better the color looks with the addition of it's complimentary color.

Now you have this puddle of basic pumpkin color - we are going to work
from this for the other colors, starting with the color for the inside of the
pumpkin.  Pull some paint away from the puddle and add in 4 or 5 drops of
yellow, 1 drop golden brown, and 4 or 5 drops white.  In this instance, it's
better to get the mixture too light than too dark, since for a miniature jack-o-lantern
there is not going to be much actual light coming in from the front (if you are
going to be lighting your jack, you might want to add a bit more yellow and
golden brown if using a white light, or a bit more white if using an amber light).


Paint the inside of the pumpkin, making sure to
paint the edges of cut-out areas
(and don't forget the top!)










Next make another small puddle with about 1 part
burnt umber and a small amount of dark forest green,
then pull some of your base pumpkin color into
the mixture.  Make a wash of this color and apply to
stem.

Then paint the outside with your base pumpkin color.




Brush a light wash of burnt umber over the entire
jack-o-lantern, stem and all.  This will deepen the colors,
enhance the sculpting, and help blend the edges
between the inside and outside colors.








Next we are going to highlight the raised sections.
Into your puddle of base color, mix a little white
and yellow.  Make a wash of this color and dry brush
ACROSS the pumpkin, just hitting the raised areas.

(it may seem like an oxymoron to "dry brush" a wash,
but here is how to do it - create the wash, load your
brush, then wipe most of it off on a paper towel before
applying to pumpkin.  If you can see brush strokes,
you can blend them in with your fingertip.)




Go over jack once more with a very light wash of
the base color,.

Dry brush stem across the grain with a mixture
of burnt umber and white.

Add a final light wash of burnt umber over the
entire jack-o-lantern.



The final step is to let the paint dry, then buff
with a piece of brown paper bag until the
jack-o-lantern has a soft sheen.










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